Nowadays, there are certain measurements which are being utilized as a part of various regions of Pakistan as per vernacular variants of separate zones. I trust this data will be useful in understanding these distinctions while tending to issues identified with immovable property. Land Measurements Unit is used in different provinces of Pakistan.
Measurements of land Linear Measure:
- 1 inch = 2.54 centimetres
- 1 mile =1.61 kilometres
- 1 Ghatta = 8.25 feet
- 1 foot = 30.48 centimetres
- 1 yard = 91.44 centimetres
- 1 square foot = 0.093 square metre
- 1 square yard = 0.836 square metre
- 1 square mile = 2.59 square kilometre = 259 hectares
- 1 acre = 0.405 hectares
- 1 Acre = 4 Bigha 16 Biswa (4840 Sq.Yds)
- 1 Bigha = 20 Biswas (1008 Sq.Yds)
- 1 Biswa = 50 Sq.Yards
The following are the basic measurements of land used in Punjab, Pakistan in ascending order.
- 1 karam is 5.5 feet
- 1 marla is 9 Sq karams (272.25 sq ft)
- 1 kanaal is 20 marlas (5,445 sq ft)
- 1 keela is 8 kanaals (43,560 sq ft = 1 acre)
- 1 marabba is 25 keelas (1,089,000 sq ft = 25 acres)
A keela is measured rectangularly, reckoned as an area 36 karams x 40 karams, or 198 feet x 220 feet = 43,560 square feet.
Kothis are measured in marlas and kanaals. Most are 2-4 kanaals but the big ones can be anything from 4-6 kanaals.
A couple of older measures:
- 1 biswa = 15 Sq karams; 12 biswas = 1 kanaal
- 1 bigha = 20 biswas – 1008 Sq Yards – 842.68 Sq Mtr
In land transaction the acreis often used to state areas of land. Land records are written in metric system. An acre is approximately 40% of a hectare.
There are explaining the measurement of agricultural land that was carried in British Units. The units used for land measurement were as follows:
- 12 inches = 1 foot
- 3 feet = 1 yard
- 9 Square Feet = 1 square yard
- 121Square yard = 1 Guntha
- 40 Gunthas = 1 acre
In numerous village maps you can see scale as a for example 1Inch=10 Chain.
Have you convert chain into feet? As follows:
- 1 Chain = 66 feet or 22 yards
- 10 chains = 1 furlong
- 1 furlong = 201.168 Metres
Nowadays, the land is measured in Metric System with use of following decimal table.
- 1000 Millimeters = 1 Meter
- 100 Square Metres = 1 Are
- 100 Ares = 1 Hector
The countries of the Commonwealth of Nations and United States defined the length of the international yard to be 0.9144 meters, in 1958. Thus, the international acre is exactly 4,046.8564224 square meters. As a result
- 1 Hector = 2.47 acres (approximately)
In the Village Form VII-XII when you read in the “area” column numbers for example
- 01-34-21 it means
- 01 = 10000 Square Metres
- 34 = 3400 Square Metres
- 21 = 21 Square Metres
- Total = 13421 Square Metres
- 1 Inch = 2.54 Centimetre
- 36 Inches = 1 yard
- 1 yard = 91.44 Centimetres
- 1 yard = 00.9144 Metres
- 1 Centimetre = 00.393 inches
- 100 Centimetres = 39.3 inches
- 1 Metre = 3.28 ft
- 1 acre = 1 furlong X 1 chain
- 1 acre = 660 ft X 66 ft
- 1 acre = 43560 Sq. ft.
- 1 acre = 4840 square yards
- 1 acre = 4046.8564224 Square Metres
- 1 hectare = 10,000 Square Metre
- 1 hectare = 107,639 sq ft
- 1 hectare = 11959.8 sq. yards (1 sq. yard = 0.83612736 sq. Metre)
- 1 hectare = 11959.8/4840 = 2.47 acre
- Khewat number : The number of owner of the land
- Khatoni Number : The number of possesioner/ cultivator of land
- Khasra number : The number of measurement of area in jamabandi
- Kita number : The Number mentioning the khasra number in jamabandi
- Mutation/rapat : Any entry regarding sale purchase or transfer of land
- Vassiat : transfer of land through will
- Hiba : transfer of land through gift
- Billa : Devoid of/without
- Hadbast number: Number of revenue village boundary
- Mushqueel/ Murrabha/ rectangle: comprise of 25 Acres/bighas
- Lal Dora: The boundary of inhabited village, within which ownership of land is generally through possession only.
Type of land
- Chahi : Irrigated through wells/tube wells
- Nahri : Irrigated through Canals
- Barani : Rainfed
- Gair mumkin : Non cultivable
- Abadi : Inhabited
- Banjar : Not cultivated from four cropping seasons
Type of Possession
- Khud Kast : Self cultivated
- Gair Marusi : Unauthorised possessioner (Kache mujahire)
- Gair Dakhildar : Unauthorised permanent possessioner (pakkee mujahire)
- Aadrehan : mortgage without possession.
- Rehan : mortgage with possession
Now you have known about Land Measurements Unit and it is used in Different Provinces of Pakistan!!!